Britain does not have an abundance of reptiles mostly due to it’s cool damp temperate climate unlike it’s more southerly warmer neighbours like France and Spain. It does however support three types of native British snake and quite a few different species of lizard.
Whilst most people are quite aware of the two most populous native snakes that inhabit the British Isles, The Adder
and the Grass Snake
, few people know of a third, The Smooth Snake
. The distribution of these three snakes is quite wide with the Adder being spread all over mainland Britain, the grass snake generally keeping to the warmer regions just below Scotland and down to the South Coast, and the smooth snake only found in the Southern Counties. They feed on a wide variety of smaller mammals, birds, lizards, frogs, newts and other similar size prey. In order to survive the harsh winters all three hibernate from October time right through till spring, conserving their energy by slowing down their metabolism until the sun is strong enough to be able to provide them with the solar energy they need to move and hunt.
Please click the following links for more information on each species.